Article | 2020-09-29 03:02:28
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Tips for Maintaining the Health of Teeth and Mouth in Diabetes Patients
WHY DOES THE DENTAL HEALTH STATUS DECREASE IN DIABETES MELLITUS?
In Diabetes Mellitus with poor oral hygiene conditions and the presence of diabetic angiopathy, the oxygen supply decreases so that anaerobic bacteria can easily develop. Dental caries occurs due to certain bacteria that have acid-forming properties, so low pH can cause the dissolution of tooth enamel minerals slowly and form perforations.
Patients with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus will have an effect on dental caries, because of the increase in fermentable carbohydrates in the patient's saliva and a suitable medium for acid formation to facilitate caries. Because in the mouth there are millions of bacteria needed (normal flora). But there are certain bacteria that are unique to the tooth supporting tissue or are called anaerobic gram-negative bacteria (bacteria that can live without oxygen). Diabetes Mellitus sufferers if they experience inflammation of the supporting tissues of the teeth will be worse than healthy people because the immune system of people with Diabetes Mellitus is low compared to healthy people.
HOW TO PREVENT AND IMPROVE THE HEALTH OF THE ORAL CONGESTION IN PATIENTS WITH DIABETES MELLITUS?
The following are things that people with Diabetes Mellitus need to do in order to maintain or make efforts so that oral health is well maintained:
First and foremost is controlling blood sugar levels.
Then take care of your teeth and gums, and go to the dentist for routine checks every six months.
To control thrush and fungal infections, and avoid smoking.
Good blood sugar control can also help prevent or relieve dry mouth caused by diabetes.
Use dental floss at least once a day to prevent plaque from appearing on the teeth.
Using an anti-bacterial mouth wash to reduce the number of bacteria that cause toothache in the mouth.
Brush your teeth, especially after eating. Use a toothbrush with soft bristles.
Improve your lifestyle, keep it away from stressors.
If there are any missing teeth, dentures should be made immediately.
Do not forget to inform about the condition of diabetes when visiting the dentist, especially if you are about to pull out a tooth.
Unless it is very urgent, you should avoid dental work when blood sugar levels are high. Lower blood sugar first, then visit the dentist again.
The use of tools such as dentures or orthodontic wires needs special attention. Denture wearers should remove the denture before bed and clean it thoroughly to minimize the possibility of fungal infection due to poor hygiene.
Always consult your dental and oral health problems with the best dentists and dental clinics in Bali.
BIA Dental Center
Jl. Sunset Road No.86A, Seminyak, Badung, Bali Indonesia 80361.