Gum Inflammation: Signs and Causes

Article | 2020-12-31 05:02:55

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Gum Inflammation: Signs and Causes

In general, healthy gums are pink, have a chewy consistency, have a freckled texture like an orange peel called stippling, have tapered edges, and don't bleed easily. However, the gums do not always have a healthy condition. Gums can also get sick. The form of the disease that is often encountered is gingivitis.

The following are signs when someone has gum inflammation:

  1. Changes in the appearance of the gums

Changes that occur in the gums can be seen based on color, consistency, texture, size and contour. At first, the inflammation of the gums causes the blood vessels to widen, causing the gums to turn red and swell. The edges of the gums become rounded. The surface of the gums becomes soft.

If this condition persists for a long time, the gums will become hard and cause the gum to become irregular in shape.

  1. Gums bleed easily

The main complaint of someone suffering from gum inflammation is that the gums bleed easily. Patients often find that their gums bleed when brushing their teeth. Likewise when eating solid foods. Bleeding can occur spontaneously. The blood can then be felt and inhaled by the patient.

  1. Discomfort

An uncomfortable taste is obtained when the patient tastes blood on the tongue. Especially when the patient sucks the blood.

  1. Bad breath

Bad breath in gum inflammation is caused by the smell of blood and poor oral hygiene.

The following are causes of gum inflammation:

  1. Dental plaque

  2. Bacteria

  3. The presence of dental caries, food scraps that are difficult to clean, bad dentures, orthodontics, crowded teeth and the habit of breathing through the mouth.

  4. Hormonal influences, such as puberty, menstrual cycle, pregnancy, use of oral contraceptives.

  5. The existence of systemic diseases, for example: diabetes, leukemia, blood disorders.

  6. Lack of vitamins A, B complex and C.

  7. Starvation

Always consult your dental and oral health problems with the best dentists and dental clinics in Bali.

BIA Dental Center

Jl. Sunset Road No.86A, Seminyak, Badung, Bali Indonesia 80361.