Recognize Dental and Oral Problems During Pregnancy

Article | 2021-12-01 07:33:44

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Recognize Dental and Oral Problems During Pregnancy

Pregnancy is happy news for married couples. During pregnancy, pregnant women usually complain of several things, including complaints about teeth and mouth. Many of us do not know that during pregnancy hormonal imbalance can trigger various dental and oral problems for pregnant women. Therefore, information about dental and oral problems during pregnancy is very important for pregnant women or those who are planning to become pregnant. In this article, we will discuss about dental and oral problems that can occur during pregnancy in pregnant women.

Some of the dental and oral problems in pregnant women during pregnancy include:

  1. Sensitive Teeth

The condition of morning sickness in the early days of pregnancy can trigger the condition of sensitive teeth because tooth enamel is eroded due to contact with stomach acid when pregnant women vomit. This thinning of tooth enamel will trigger hypersensitive conditions in the teeth when eating or drinking cold. In addition, pregnant women tend to consume acidic foods in early pregnancy, this can aggravate the demineralization process of tooth enamel which results in dentin hypersensitivity, even triggering cavities.

  1. Cavities (dentinal caries)

Cavities are still related to the erosion of tooth enamel due to morning sickness. The increase in the hormone progesterone during pregnancy causes a decrease in plasma bicarbonate levels and causes a decrease in salivary pH, so that the condition of the oral cavity becomes more acidic. Salivary pH is one of the main factors for maintaining enamel stability. The decrease in salivary pH also increases the growth of cariogenic bacteria (bacteria that cause caries) so that pregnant women are more prone to dentin caries due to demineralization of tooth enamel. In addition, pregnant women who consume a lot of sugar or experience excessive nausea and vomiting, will easily experience the growth of cariogenic bacteria in the oral cavity. Pregnant women tend to be too lazy to brush their teeth because they often feel nauseous, this will further aggravate the condition of cavities.

  1. Gingivitis, Periodontitis, and Loose Teeth

Pregnancy gingivitis-periodontitis is a periodontal disease that can occur in about 30% of pregnant women, who experience periodontal tissue inflammation and gingival hyperplasia. This condition is mainly caused by an increase in the hormone estrogen. Increased circulating estrogen causes an increase in capillary permeability which increases the tendency of pregnant women to be exposed to gingivitis. Untreated gingivitis can progress to periodontitis and can cause tooth loss. Case reports and cohort studies have demonstrated an association between periodontal disease and preterm delivery, fetal growth restriction, and preeclampsia.

  1. Xerostomia

Dry mouth conditions or xerostomia are also caused by the influence of the increased estrogen hormone. These hormonal changes will cause saliva production to decrease, so the flow of saliva decreases which results in poor oral hygiene. Xerostomia can trigger several other dental and oral problems such as halitosis or bad breath, so pregnant women are advised to drink more water and chew sugar-free gum.

  1. Oral Pregnancy Tumor

Oral pregnancy tumor, also known as pregnancy granuloma or epulis gravidarum, is a benign gingival lump. Mainly due to poor oral hygiene. Other causative factors are trauma that causes rupture of blood vessels, increased levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone, and viral infections. This disorder can be prevented by maintaining good gingival health.

Dental and oral problems often occur in pregnant women due to increased hormonal conditions. Pregnant women are advised to keep their teeth and mouth clean and healthy during pregnancy. Dental and oral problems can affect the fetus in the womb, for that a dental check-up is necessary if you are planning a pregnancy. Always have regular dental checkups at least every 6 months. Dental care for pregnant women can still be carried out by taking into account the type of action, benefits and risks, as well as advice from dentists or other health workers.

Realize your dream of having clean and healthy teeth during pregnancy with the best dental care for families at BIA (Bali Implant Aesthetic) Dental Center. BIA (Bali Implant Aesthetic) Dental Center is ready to serve you with the best professional dentists in their fields. BIA (Bali Implant Aesthetic) Dental Center is a trusted dental clinic near Kuta and not far from the airport. Don't let dental problems ruin your holiday in Bali, if you are enjoying the beautiful views of Ubud and unexpectedly need a dentist, the distance from Ubud to BIA (Bali Implant Aesthetic) Dental Center is approximately 35 km. Entrust your dental care to the dentist at the best dental clinic in Bali of your choice.

BIA (Bali Implant Aesthetic) Dental Center
Jl. Sunset Road No.86A, Seminyak, Badung, Bali Indonesia 80361.


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