BIA Dental Center Root Canal Treatment

Article | 2019-10-05 14:17:48

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Root Canal Treatment (also known as endodontic treatment, or root canal treatment) is the treatment of infected pulp from bacteria to eliminate the infection and protect teeth from microbes/bacteria in the future.

Tooth structure

Teeth consist of 2 parts. A crown is the top part of a tooth that is visible in the mouth. The root extends to the jawbone, holding the teeth in position. Teeth also consist of:
Enamel - the hard outer layer
Dentin - a softer material that supports enamel and forms the majority of teeth
Cementum - a hard material that coats the surface of a root
Dental pulp - the soft tissue in the center of a tooth
Root canal treatment consists of the dental pulp and extends from the crown of the tooth to the root tip. The front teeth have 1 root canal, while the back teeth have more than 1 root canal.

Why is Root Canal Treatment needed?

Infection in the tooth center (root canal) is caused by bacteria that live in the mouth and attack the teeth. This can occur due to tooth decay, leaky fillings or tooth decay due to trauma, such as falls. Root Canal Treatment aims to overcome infections in the dental center.
When is Root Canal Treatment needed?
Root canal treatment is only needed when dental x-rays show that the pulp has been damaged by a bacterial infection. The pulp will start to die if it is infected by bacteria, so the bacteria continue to multiply and spread. Symptoms of a pulp infection include:
  • Pain when eating or drinking hot or cold
  • Pain when biting or chewing
  • Loose teeth
  • As the infection continues, these symptoms will disappear when the pulp dies.
Your teeth then appear to have healed, but the infection has spread through the root canal system. You finally get further symptoms such as:
  • Pain when biting or chewing again
  • Swelling of the gums near the diseased tooth
  • Pus is oozing from diseased teeth
  • Facial swelling
  • Teeth become darker in color
It is important to see a dentist if you have a toothache. If your teeth become infected, the pulp cannot heal by itself. Leaving infected teeth in your mouth can make matters worse. Antibiotics, drugs to treat bacterial infections, are not effective in treating root canal infections if the root canal infections are not removed and treated.

BIA Dental Center Root Canal Treatment

Root Canal (Anterior tooth) - This is a root canal therapy treatment on the front, the front teeth usually have 1 root canal.

Root Canal (Premolar Tooth) - Treatment of premolar root canals varies in the number of roots, number of channels, differences in pulp cavity configurations. The number of root canals in premolar teeth usually has 2 canals.

Root Canal (Molar Tooth) - Treatment of molars or molar roots is the treatment of large teeth that are in the back of the mouth. The number of root canals in molars 3-4 canals.

Post / Core Built-Up / Dental pegs - This is a type of dental restoration that is needed where there is an inadequate amount of tooth tissue left to maintain a conventional crown. The post is cemented into a cleansed root canal, aimed at maintaining core restoration and the final crown.

Root Canal Treatment Process

First visit

  1. Before taking action, the dentist will take x-rays / x-rays in advance to find out, infection, position, and number of roots.
  2. Infected teeth will be opened using a bur. (Anesthesia is needed to provide comfort to the patient and for the treatment process to run smoothly)
  3. After the teeth open to the pulp, the doctor will clean the nerves in the entire root canal using a file.
  4. After cleaning, the root canal will be filled with gutta perca as a substitute for previously infected nerves). Usually called obturation, obturation can be done in the first or second visit. Depending on the condition of the patient's teeth.

Second visit

  1. After obturation/filling of the root canal can be directly patched on the tooth. But if there are very few remaining teeth, pegs and crowns are needed. So that the teeth after treatment in the future become more durable in the oral cavity.

BIA Dental Center Dentist Team


The team of highly skilled dentists who are graduates of Dentistry at Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta and Implant certification from Harvard University, Aesthetic certification from New York (NYU) universities, and other seminar programs in various countries. It is intended that our BIA Dental Center team always provides the best service by providing high-quality dental care for patients from simple examinations to complex specialist procedures.

Visit our clinic at Bali Implant Aesthetic (BIA) Dental Center - Jl. Sunset Road №86A, Seminyak, Kuta, Badung Regency, Bali 80361.