What are the Rules for Using Fabric Masks in the Middle of the COVID-19 Pandemic?

Article | 2020-04-23 12:18:02

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What are the Rules for Using Fabric Masks in the Middle of the COVID-19 Pandemic?

The virus can be transmitted through sputum or saliva splashes when COVID-19 sufferers cough or sneeze. To reduce the risk of transmission of the virus, people who are coughing or sneezing are advised to wear a mask to keep the body fluids from splashing.

The government has appealed to all members of the public to wear masks when doing activities outside the home, even though they are in good health. This is also in accordance with the recommendations ordered by the World Health Organization (WHO) to use masks to prevent Covid-19 transmission.

However, during the COVID-19 pandemic, surgical masks became a rare and expensive item. Not only the public, the doctors, nurses, and all medical staff who deal with patients are now experiencing difficulties.

The Ministry of Health wants people to wear enough cloth masks that can be used repeatedly after being purchased. Medical staff are required to wear medical masks and type N95.

It's just that wearing a mask isn't just about wearing it. There are procedures for changing masks that are good and effective to avoid Covid-19 transmission.

How to Wear a Cloth Face Covering

Cloth face coverings should:

  • fit snugly but comfortably against the side of the face

  • be secured with ties or ear loops

  • include multiple layers of fabric

  • allow for breathing without restriction

  • be able to be laundered and machine dried without damage or change to shape

CDC on Homemade Cloth Face Coverings

CDC recommends wearing cloth face coverings in public settings where other social distancing measures are difficult to maintain (e.g., grocery stores and pharmacies), especially in areas of significant community-based transmission.

CDC also advises the use of simple cloth face coverings to slow the spread of the virus and help people who may have the virus and do not know it from transmitting it to others.  Cloth face coverings fashioned from household items or made at home from common materials at low cost can be used as an additional, voluntary public health measure.

Cloth face coverings should not be placed on young children under age 2, anyone who has trouble breathing, or is unconscious, incapacitated or otherwise unable to remove the mask without assistance.

The cloth face coverings recommended are not surgical masks or N-95 respirators.  Those are critical supplies that must continue to be reserved for healthcare workers and other medical first responders, as recommended by current CDC guidance.

Should cloth face coverings be washed or otherwise cleaned regularly? How regularly?

Yes. They should be routinely washed depending on the frequency of use.

How does one safely sterilize/clean a cloth face covering?

A washing machine should suffice in properly washing a face covering.

How does one safely remove a used cloth face covering?

Individuals should be careful not to touch their eyes, nose, and mouth when removing their face covering and wash hands immediately after removing.

Always consult your dental and oral health problems with the best dentists and dental clinics in Bali.

BIA Dental Center

Jl. Sunset Road No.86A, Seminyak, Badung, Bali Indonesia 80361.



  1. https://www.cnnindonesia.com/gaya-hidup/20200407122104-259-491144/video-tata-cara-memakai-masker-yang-baik-dan-benar

  2. https://www.kompas.com/sains/read/2020/04/15/180300523/masker-kain-hanya-untuk-4-jam-begini-cara-benar-melepasnya

  3. https://www.alodokter.com/cara-menggunakan-masker-kain-untuk-mencegah-infeksi-virus-corona

  4. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/diy-cloth-face-coverings.html